Hoya 72mm Softener A is a filter randomly arranging minute lens shaped like drops of water on the surface of a acrylic board. Scatters the light and results in a soft. It creates a picture with a clear focus and a soft gradation, and this effect is especially evident with an object with a point light source. Color reproduction is easy, and there is no need for exposure adjustment.
This is the construction of a type of filter. The type of process used to create a filter can affect its price. Filters can be constructed out of regular glass that sandwiches a coloured gel in between or in high-end filters, raw elements are added to the molten optical glass so there is no risk of uneven colour or fading.
This is the size of a front lens cap. Standard sizes for snap-on lens caps include: 27mm, 28mm, 30mm, 34mm, 37mm, 39mm, 40.5mm, 43mm, 46mm, 49mm, 52mm, 55mm, 58mm, 62mm, 67mm, 72mm, 77mm, 82mm and 86mm.
When placed in the optical path, many filters block a certain amount of light from reaching the lens. Filter factor relates to how much exposure compensation is required in order to adjust for this. Most cameras have TTL metering and will be able to do this automatically.